Retail and Mall

Features expected

Automation, control and supervision
Energy and economic saving
    Automation systems can play a fundamental role in reducing energy consumption in the tertiary sector which has now become the most energy-intensive sector in industrialising countries.
    The standard EN 15232 standard allows a simple and recognised estimation of energy and economic savings related to the adoption of an automation system that was previously quite delicate and complex.
    The communication between different sub-systems within the same building or the visualisation via the internet of images of the rooms following an alarm, are functions easily achievable in a bus system.
    A bus system can satisfy communication needs related to security, control and entertainment such as the activation of video surveillance cameras or the sending via internet of images of the rooms following an alarm, it allows to understand if there is really the issue or if it is just a false alarm.All the functions implemented in the various systems of a building can also be controlled remotely through the use of web servers or remote controllers on land or mobile networks. The video system becomes an integral part of the automation system, allowing, among other functions, communication between the different workstations within the same structure. The different communication solutions between staff and between them and occupants allow for important results, including ease of use, savings in installation and management and improvement of the service offered.
The main points to be considered are:
Simplicity of wiring; Using bus technology wiring for the connection between the devices, all data and information travel on a simple twisted pair, thus saving on the material and time spent laying the cables. Using a 6-conductor cable, you can also bring power and speech to the various devices. The possibility of using a simple 6-conductor cable compared to the considerable bundle of cables (or the large multipolar cable) traditionally used, considerably facilitates installation, reducing installation times.
Modularity; By turning to systems that use modular technology, it is possible to make the system evolve over time, starting from the basic functions and subsequently adding the other functions, without nullifying the investments already made.
Continuity of service and ease of maintenance; By taking advantage of the internal self-diagnosis and anomaly recognition functions present in some systems, it is possible to immediately identify any faults. If necessary, the electronic modules can be replaced without having to interrupt the operation of the system, thus ensuring continuity of service. In addition, the electronic room control modules, if installed in the corridor, could be replaced without having to enter the patient’s room. In this way, no disturbance is caused to the patients and doctors and nurses can safely continue to operate according to their needs, while the technical maintenance staff can intervene promptly.
Access control
MODULAR: Modular architecture with stand alone graphics or that can be integrated into third party scada systems.
SIMPLE CONFIGURATION: Plug and play system.Just add the devices on the KNX line.
SIMPLE MANAGEMENT: Procedures for assigning access permissions simplified with various levels of user privilege.
DIAGNOSTICS: Integrated diagnostics for system alarms or faults.
EXTENSION: Simple and minimally invasive functionality extension.
    The integration of systems such as the alarm system, video surveillance and technical alarms allows to reduce installation costs without affecting performance.The presence alarm system can communicate with the video surveillance, lighting and other systems of the structure: the integration of the different systems therefore allows for a higher level of security and lower costs than single stand-alone systems. Many devices can be used multi-functionally by several systems.
    The increase in the comfort offered by the building and the quality of living are among the best known advantages of an automation control system.Lights and shutters of a room or a series of rooms can be grouped so that they can be controlled automatically or autonomously even by fragile people. This allows to conveniently turn off all the lights in an area with a single gesture, close the windows, put all the systems you want in standby condition (e.g., cooling), activate alarms, etc.
    By integrating the traditional functions of an electrical system with the control and automation functions of communication to and from the building, the usability of the structures is increased. Through thermoregulation, the system plays a fundamental role not only in minimising consumption, but also in improving comfort. People with disabilities or with temporary or permanent mobility limitations can receive assistance in using the spaces and their functions. The solutions that in most cases meet these needs can be: video surveillance cameras; dedicated voice commands; remote controls with specific features such as large illuminated buttons; large parade buttons; alarms reported on mobile phones in case of detection of flooding, gas leaks, open doors or windows, etc; emergency call with dedicated or pull button. HVAC control - Comfort and efficiency in the same architecture:
HVAC SYSTEMS; All HVAC is managed by the building management system.
CENTRALIZED THERMAL EQUIPMENT; All the equipment for heating and cooling (Boiler - Chiller-UTA - VRV Free cooling) can be integrated into the system and managed locally by PLC / Inverter.
INTEROPERABILITY; All the communication protocols can be integrated.
DISTRIBUTED EQUIPMENT AND SENSORS; All the equipment and sensors distributed in the rooms (fan coils, valves and thermostats) can be integrated and managed on the KNX protocol.
FLEXIBILITY; A flexible and modular architecture allowing to face all the possible cases.
Living & Comfort – Energy saving and comfort
LIGHTING: Lighting management is integrated into the system.
ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND COMFORT: Natural and artificial light are exploited to ensure the best conditions of comfort and energy efficiency.
AUTOMATED MANAGEMENT: The building manages itself thanks to presence, brightness and air quality sensors.
INTEGRATION WITH SPECIFIC PROTOCOLS: Management of the lighting system on DALI bus.
    The supervision and control systems allow the monitoring of all the vital parameters of buildings, facilitates ordinary and extraordinary maintenance and optimises the archiving of all data with connection to management software packages.

Energy Management
Managing and controlling building energy consumption
    Energy Managers, building owners, and Facility Managers are all too familiar with the pressure to reduce costs and energy consumption while maintaining occupant comfort. Energy management includes planning and operation of energy production and energy consumption units as well as storage and energy distribution. Objectives are resource conservation, climate protection and cost savings, while the users have permanent access to the energy they need. It is connected closely to environmental management, production management, logistics and other established business functions. In this sense, the choice of tool for managing and controlling building energy consumption and costs together with the BMS and the electrical power distribution scheme constitute the fundamental elements of the design of an electrical system, on which the analysis and development of the solution will depend.
    The ideal tool for managing and controlling building energy consumption and costs is user friendly, reporting and charting are so intuitive and easy to understand that it is not limited to use by expert energy managers. The solution shall be tailored to meet the individual requirements of each customer. The right solution focuses on energy management in order to analyse energy consumption and target savings in a building, enabling energy efficiency improvements and the continuous commissioning of the building.
Building Energy Manager System
    Cloud-based BEMS access to the meter and sensor information in the building over the internet. The information is collected from the BAS via a secure fixed IP connection and the end-user accesses their information by logging into a dedicated website using their unique username and password. No limit to the number of meters and sensor points you can connect to the service across any geographical location is essential for large organisations but useful also for any other context. The possibility to works with any third-party systems such as Tridium, BACnet, and standalone systems via the SQL or MS Access database where the meter and sensor information is stored is crucial to avoid any limitation in existing building as well as in fully new installations.
Analysis and charting
    The BEMS analysis and charting shows how, where, and when energy consumptions are. Energy consumption data can be analysed in a number of different ways from spectral analysis displays, regression analysis, actual versus target graphing, and lots more.
Charting: View real-time energy information in day, week, month, year and custom view, Compare time periods, meters and export data.
Analysis: View energy patterns using the Spectral Analysis tool, Set targets based on driving factors or fixed parameters, Compare actual versus target, Access regression analysis, overspend and cumsum charts, Analyse energy consumption compared to a smart target for real-time energy management.
Reporting: Reports are an important tool for ongoing energy control by helping managers and key decision-makers keep track of energy-saving initiatives, verify if and where savings have been made, and when targets have been achieved. Fully customised reporting feature allows to generate instant or scheduled reports on energy consumption, costs, carbon emissions, performance versus targets, as well as tenant costs reports.
Monitoring and alarms
    Alarms viewed via the map-based interface are particularly useful for a quick overview of multiple buildings in multiple locations for bureau or monitoring canters: Anomalies detected in energy consumed versus expected consumption, Alarm reports issued via email, Analysis of historical alarms can help identify potential ongoing issues.
Increasing awareness & encouraging behavioral change
    A web-based public information display can communicate information on a building’s energy performance and provides tips and recommendations of how employees can assist in reducing energy consumption. By publically engaging people in energy efficiency behavioural change, there is the potential to improve energy efficiency by a further 5% over other energy efficiency measures in an organisation. It also goes beyond the building bringing this positive behaviour into the wider public arena. Improve building energy performance, Energy savings of up to 5% over other energy efficiency measures through behavioural change, Reduce cost and carbon footprint, Communicates energy policy & strategy to the public, According with ISO 50001 

Service continuity
General distribution schemes
    There are no real specific technical standard references for the choice of the electricity distribution scheme, also in consideration of the fact that this choice is necessarily free and dependent on the process served. Electricity distribution systems are a fundamental infrastructure for most business processes and help to determine their performance in terms, for example, of energy management, safety, reliability and maintainability. If plant safety is an essential property as a legal requirement, reliability, availability and maintainability are instead characteristics of the plant that directly impact the business. The possible configurations that an electrical distribution system can assume can generally be traced back to three fundamental schemes: the simple radial scheme; the double radial scheme; the ring. 

EV charging stations
    Retail & mall building should be equipped with a modern infrastructure EV charging station, the access is from a ramp with automatic access control and power supply is configured for EV chargers. The power distribution is dimensioned so that all chargers can operate at the same time at full power; in the future the user will have the possibility to increase the number of EV chargers without modify the installation thanks to reserve designed and to the load management function.
    Load management makes sure that the available capacity of the building is not exceeded. At times when the current demand is high, the EV charger will pause the charge session. The charge session will start again when there is availability on the grid. Slow charging is perfect for employee cars staying for the whole day in the parking, while fast chargers are perfect solution for parking place reserved for visitors, enabling recharge in a shorter time. The charging unit should be connected to the internet via GSM, WiFi or LAN for perfect integration into smart building system and configuration via app. Simplified authentication via either RFID or App provides flexibility for public-use case applications. Protection and safety of power supply are ensured by protection devices and automatic switches. Consumptions are kept under control and energy meters are integrated into BMS for the asset management.

Architectural topology
The entire Retail & Mall building may or may not contain different areas dedicated to specific functions.

Entrance/atrium and lobby
    Mall entrance are primary used to enter inside the building and is widely used by the people to enter inside the mall as people coming on public transport and taxis can also enter from here . After the entrance we have atrium which is is a large open-air or skylight-covered space. They are popular because the give the building feeling of space and light. Mall Entrance area and Atrium area are now days design in a way that to expose it maximum day light and also visitor can have idea for the variety of shops located in the mall.

    In hypermarket will have different section which is divided for shopper convivence and as general standardisation across supermarket and hypermarket business. The general categories of the section inside Hypermarket: Refrigeration rack areas; Vegetable and fruit section; Bakery section; Deli Section; Electronic section; Store Counter Section; Enclosed offices; Loading Deck. Will be identifying application for selected section of Hypermarket.

Fashion retail shop
    Retail shops in the mall make majority of the shops in the mall. They retail shop can be of cloth shop, shoe shop, fashion shop, children cloth, book shop and toy shop. Retail shop can be part of well-known brand which are having multiple across the globe or it can of brand which is only available in that country. Prime interest of Shop owners are control of Lighting uniform control and RGB lights , HVAC, energy management , cost effective management of multiple retail shop and easy to manage by technicians and more imprtantly, by non-technical staff.

Food court
    COVID-19 pandemic has affected restaurants in the Mall and for the retail shop owner in the food court Area have endured significant decreases in revenue, jobs, and overall profit, radically impacting the industry as a whole. Despite the challenges the restaurant sector, ranging from fast food chains to fine dining establishments, has been adapting by implementing unique solutions to safely serve customers. UVc, or ultraviolet light, is also used as an infection control technology and can be helpful in rendering viruses noninfectious. recommend to aid in both air and surface sanitisation.

    Cinema are normally located inside the mall normally near to food court and gaming section of the mall. It is used to attract more visitor to the mall thus increasing Mal foot ration which lead to increase in revenue for retail shops. After gradual opening of the cinema during pandemic cinema has also implemented strict measure to make health and safety of the cinema visitor and this include the enhanced cleanliness, safe distancing and reduced contamination both through surface and air. Make visitor comfortable and the same not compromising on health & safety of their visitor is very important for them to retain their business continuity.

Gaming area
    This space provides an opportunity for visitors of all ages to take part into various skill-based games. Gaming areas are often coupled with other services such as food & beverage or cinema.

Underground parking
    A car park is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles. Underground car parks are always fully enclosed and requires mechanical ventilation. The air quality and temperature in a car park needs to be managed to ensure those using the car park are not exposed to unsafe conditions. In the absence of proper ventilation, car parks present several indoor air quality problems. The most serious is the emission of high level of carbon monoxide. Apart from air quality, fully enclosed car parks must maintain appropriate level of light to allow people and vehicles move around easily and safely.           Lighting may come from natural or artificial sources, or a combination of both. Consumer Mall and retail experience begin with convenient parking so it's very important that parking should be simple and easy. Some mall have paid and while some offer free parking that depend upon the occupancy, availability, and retail business performance. With right infrastructure in place, car parks can be used for opportunity charging for electrical vehicle. The car parking system is in integrated to EV system and if you want to utilise EV Charging one can show the car park ticket at EV charger it can start charging your car. 

Open parking
    An open car park is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles, bike and motorbike for shorter duration or in some cases longer duration. Open car park does not require any mechanical ventilation, but it must have lighting in place to ensure safe movement of people and vehicle during nighttime. Open car park can also be used for vehicle and motorbike charging. Most of the new malls have reserved parking for EV Care to promote and these parking are marked with special live charging sign.

Manager office
    This space is primary in use of FM head. The facility manager from his office can also access the central server and look into critical alarm , acknowledgment for raised alarms , health status of different component of electrical and mechanical system. He can also check overall energy consumption of the building and where the most energy is being utilised. Look into more critical raised by the system and take proactive action at the system. Also, as its very important for Mall's to have visitor health and wellbeing not comprised and he can check air quality in different part of the building. 

Open office
    The open space office is in use of the facility team, security, and Mall Operation team. It includes workstations for the selected employees but also other services at the disposal of the employee like printer machine, FAX Machine. The staff here are directly running Mall facility operation from attending complain, security and housekeeping. It's very important to provide them comfortable, secure, and convenient environment so that they work proactively and focus on their work.

Mechanical room
    A mechanical room is a room or space in a building dedicated to the mechanical equipment and its associated electrical equipment. A small building or home may have at most a utility room but in large buildings, mechanical rooms can be of considerable size, often requiring multiple rooms throughout the building, or even occupying one or more complete floors. Mechanical room can have mechanical devices: Chilled Water Circulation – Primary and Secondary; Heath Exchanger; AHU & FAHU; Boilers; Refrigeration system; Chillers; Domestic Water System; Backup Generator System.

Electrical room
    Electricity is vital to building operation Electrical service shall include provision of normal, essential (30 sec.), instantaneous (1 sec.), and uninterrupted (no break) electricity supplies and switchgear and circuit protection to safely operate and control the supplies. High voltage and low voltage devices are installed in electrical room for distribution of electricity to various part of the Retail & Mall shops.

Control room
    The control room is space from where facility team run overall operation on the Building. They maintain and secures backups for the different systems; Monitor and controls both electrical and mechanical components of the building by checking from central server; They receive and attend different complain from retail customer regarding HVAC electrical system and different type Control system (Lighting , HVAC , Mechanical and emergency Lighting monitoring system ); From Central sever also monitors power distribution components for critical load management and all alarms, conditional monitoring can be done via cloud as well on premised.